ISO committee TC 37/SC 4 initiated digital languages standards. With the complex nature of digital languages data and the sophisticated kind of the performance of SERPS, there was a need for a standardized way of sharing, use, and annotation of data for the more natural conveyance of the data and information.

Objectives of the Framework

One major challenge of the ISO committee TC 37/SC4 was including into its portfolio, standards for long-term usage. Technology is dynamic, and with computer languages evolving rapidly, the rules also had to be reviewed after shorter periods.

The semantic annotation framework ranges from ISO 24617-1 to ISO 24617-9. The structure intends to standardize data into a simple and interoperable format.

Scope of the Framework

Language resource framework is limited as a standard, it is focused entirely in the annotation of semantics, but is not clear on the protection of annotated data. Research institutions and universities use VPN disconnect in restricting access to sensitive information and data. Information security and VPN use fall under the ISO/IEC 27002. 

The ISO-TimeML is the 1st part of the framework; it is published and still in use. It was designed to annotate time, events and temporal relations in text.

The second part, ISO 24617-2 was created to formulate dialogue annotations, it was formulated together with the Dialogue Act Markup Language which is the basic standard for separating communicative functions into semantic units.

IS0 24617-3 further expounds and provides an in-depth interpretation of part 2; i.e., dialogue acts.IS0 24617-4 defines the role of participants in semantic annotations. The fifth part of the framework defines the structure of communication.I.e how information is formatted and relayed in other models apart from the text.

SemAF Principles -ISO 24617-6:2016 attempt to establish a link between all other SemAF parts, both complete and those under development. It tries to identify redundancy in other parts of the framework, and issues that arise from the modal. It is again used to resolve identified mishaps.

For interpretation of geographical, location, dimensional and measurements information; ISO 24617-7 comes into play. The framework is the way of ciphering complex spatiotemporal information.

ISO 24617-8 is useful in various situations. First, it is used to clarify relationships between independent annotations. It also tries an understanding of discourse relations that have similar characteristics and are named alike in different frameworks. Its core roles revolve around the provision of guideline’s for developments of newer models and provide references for data sets.

Final Thought

Language developers may not feel the need for language annotation, but, they are vital for faster growth of the digital world. Interoperable languages provide global access to data by all users, making research, innovation, and development of machine languages more efficient.

For the effectiveness of the standards, users have to regularly check on new developments and modifications of the measures resulting due to changes in technology.